But First, Let us understand what is cataract.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil.
Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40 and is the principal cause of blindness in the world. Today, cataracts affect more than 22 million Americans age 40 and older. And as the U.S. population ages, more than 30 million Americans are expected to have cataracts by the year 2020.
Types of cataracts include:
1.A subcapsular cataract occurs at the back of the lens. People with diabetes or those taking high doses of steroid medications have a greater risk of developing a subcapsular cataract.
2.A nuclear cataract forms deep in the central zone (nucleus) of the lens. Nuclear cataracts usually are associated with aging.
3.A cortical cataract is characterized by white, wedge-like opacities that start in the periphery of the lens and work their way to the center in a spoke-like fashion. This type of cataract occurs in the lens cortex, which is the part of the lens that surrounds the central nucleus.
How Do I Know If I Got
You use the lens of your eye every day for everything, from reading to driving to bird watching. Through age, the proteins inside your lens can clump together turning the lens from clear to cloudy. Certain behaviors can put you at a higher risk for getting a cataract. These include:
•Too much time in the sun without eye protection
•High blood sugar
•Using steroid medications
•Exposure to radiation
Cataracts start small and initially may have little effect on your vision. Things might seem a little blurry — like looking at an impressionist painting. This effect usually increases over time. The world will seem cloudy, blurry, or dim.
Cataract surgery is a procedure to remove the lens of your eye and, in most cases, replace it with an artificial lens. Normally, the lens of your eye is clear. A cataract causes the lens to become cloudy, which eventually affects your vision.
What To do After Cataract Surgery
You are entitled to hospitalisation or medical leave after your cataract surgery, so try to take a rest.
You may read and watch TV. Gentle exercises are fine too. You can go out, but try to avoid crowded and dusty places. Wearing sunglasses when you are outdoors may help to keep your eyes comfortable and less sensitive to light.
You will be given eye drops for about a month to prevent infection and reduce inflammation. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully. If you need to, ask a family member or friend to help instill the eye drops. If you were to go out, make sure you have access to hand hygiene facilities so that you can clean your hands before you instill your eye drops.
For mild pain, you may take paracetamol. If you have pain that is not relieved by this medicine, call your doctor.
When you sleep, please put on the eye shield given to you for at least 1 week so that you don’t press on the operated eye.
Eight Tips for Preventing Cataracts
•See your eye doctor regularly
•Eat a diet rich in beneficial nutrients.
•Quit smoking -- or better yet, never start.
•Cut back on the cocktails
•Protect those eyes from the sun
•Keep your diabetes under control.
•Avoid using corticosteroid medications for any length of time.
•Wear sunglasses when going outdoor
So, Do you think You Need Sunglasses after Cataract Surgery?
Well, of course you do need it. Its all to prevent more harm to your eye!